Mistero Adventure 2016 - Mystery XXX - Magia Sessuale - Sexual magic
Hugh Urban. Ohio State University. If this secret [of sexual magic], which is a scientific secret, were perfectly understood, as it is not by me after more than twelve years' magia sessuale Devil constant study and experiment, there would be nothing which the human imagination can conceive that could not be realized in practice. Known in the popular press of as "the wickedest man in the world," and proclaiming himself the "Great Beast ," Crowley was the object of intense media scandal, moral outrage and titillating allure throughout his life.
In the magia sessuale Devil since his death, he has become perhaps even more well-known as one of the most important influences on the modern revival of paganism, magic and witchcraft. Yet despite his importance, Crowley has been largely ignored by historians of religions.
But the question remains: how much did Crowley actually know either first hand or second hand about Indian Tantra? And what connection, if any, did his system of sexual magic have with traditional Indian Tantric practices? Pierre Arnold Bernard, known in the popular press as "the Omnipotent Oom. Crowley, I will argue, is not only a fascinating figure worthy of attention by scholars of religion, but he is also of profound importance for the understanding of modern Western spirituality and culture as a whole.
This importance is at least threefold. First, with his radical rejection of Victorian morality and his central emphasis on sex as the supreme magical power, Crowley is a remarkable reflection of his era and of the sexual attitudes of late and post-Victorian England.
But as I hope to show, although Crowley did know a fair amount about Hatha Yoga, Raja Yoga magia sessuale Devil other Indian religious practices, he does not appear to have known much about Tantra. What he did know seems to have come through secondary, superficial and often highly distorted sources that are deeply colored by the Victorian Orientalist biases of the 19 th century.
Nonetheless, not long after Crowley's death, Tantra would soon become largely confused in the Western popular imagination with Crowleyian-style sex magic. Ironically, despite his general ignorance about the subject, and arguably without ever intending to do so, Crowley would become a key figure in the transformation and magia sessuale Devil gross mis-interpretation of Tantra in the West, where it would become increasingly detached form its cultural context and increasingly identified with sex.
Much of the literature now being sold under the titles of "Tantra" and "sex magic", I would argue, is largely the fusion and perhaps hopeless confusion of Indian Tantra with Crowleyian magic. As Foucault argues, the Victorian era has often mistakenly been characterized as a period of prudish repression and denial of sexuality. In fact, the late 19th century witnessed an unprecedented explosion of discourse about sex, which was now categorized, classified, debated and discussed in endless detail.
Yet Crowley would also push this discourse about sexuality a good magia sessuale Devil further than most of his contemporaries would have dared; indeed, Crowley would make acts such as masturbation and homosexual intercourse keys to magical power.
Finally V I will examine the role of transgression in Crowley's life magia sessuale Devil magical work; Crowley, I will argue, found in deliberate acts of transgression a radical form of super-human power that promised to explode the narrow boundaries of Western Christian society and open the way for a whole new era of human history.
To conclude, I will suggest that Crowley not only reflected his own era and the sexual anxieties of the late Victorian era, but also foreshadowed much of our own era and our own sexual obsessions at the dawn of the new millennium. The nightmare world of Christianity vanished at the dawn The point about Crowley is that he seems to contain all these sorts of ideas and identities — indeed most of the vices of the twentieth century — and he was dead magia sessuale Devil the end of Born inthe son of a member of magia sessuale Devil highly puritanical Plymouth Brethren sect, Edward Alexander Aleister Crowley embodied some of the deepest tensions in late Victorian society magia sessuale Devil a whole.
A child raised in a strict Christian home, he would later turn to the occult arts and extremes of sexual excess.
A prolific poet as well as an accomplished mountain-climber, Crowley would also become one of the most reviled characters of the 20 th century.
He has been described variously as "the King of Depravity, arch-traitor, debauchee and drug-fiend"  and "a perverse idealist, Master of the occult and slave to the demons he liberated.
The details of Crowley's life are fairly well-known, based on his own autobiography and numerous popular biographies, so I won't reiterate all of them here.
I will simply provide a brief sketch of his background and context. Educated at Trinity College in Cambridge, Crowley was from an early age fascinated with poetry and pagan religion and was a prolific author of both verse and prose.
Having inherited a large amount of money while still young, he was financially independent for many years and spent much of his time pursuing his passions of writing and mountain climbing. Founded by William Westcott and MacGregor Mathers inthe Golden Dawn was an eclectic blending of a number of older Western esoteric traditions, including Hermeticism, Freemasonry, Rosicrucianism and theurgic arts derived from Jewish Kabbalah.
An affluent and elite group, the Golden Dawn attracted a number of prominent artists, poets and intellectuals, including W. Eventually Crowley and Mathers would part ways, and finally become mired in a lawsuit when Crowley published a full description of the secret rites of the Golden Dawn in his journal, Equinox. Beginning inCrowley also began to explore a variety of eastern magia sessuale Devil traditions. After studying yoga in Mexico, he traveled to Ceylon and India induring which time he studied various forms of Buddhism and Hinduism.
As we will see below, it seems possible that magia sessuale Devil also learned something of the esoteric techniques of Indian Tantra though perhaps not as much as most contemporary magia sessuale Devil generally suppose. However, it was in that Crowley magia sessuale Devil receive his first great revelation and the magia sessuale Devil that he was to be the herald of a new era in human history.
Finally, with the revelation of the Book of the Lawa new Aeon of the son, Horus, was born: "In this aeon the emphasis is on the self or will, not on anything external such as gods and priests. The peak of his magical career-- and also of his infamy as the wickedest man alive -- was in the period afterwhen he founded his own ideal spiritual community called the Abbey of Thelema at a farmhouse in Cefalu, Sicily.
Called "Theleme" from the Greek, meaning "will"the government of the community was "do what you will," in a joyous blending of Stoic virtues with Christian spirituality. A thinly disguised image of Magia sessuale Devil himself, the central character, Peter Pendragon, describes his rapid descent into cocaine and heroin addiction, as magia sessuale Devil careens through the affluent, excessive and wildly hedonistic life of the roaring twenties, exploring every possible sensual pleasure and moral vice.
As Leslie Shepard observes. This book Puritanism and interwar permissiveness lived side by side and made faces at each other. Though he continued to believe that his Book of the Law might have a decisive role to play in the unfolding of global events during and after World War II, most people who saw him in those years described him as "a bored old man who found the lonely evenings frightening.
There are many conflicting accounts of his final days: according to some hagiographic magia sessuale Devil, he slipped blissfully into the Buddhist state of final liberation, passing from "Samadhi to Super-Samadhi to Nirvana to Super Nirvana, expiring in the boundless bliss of the Infinite. In sum, Crowley might be said to be a remarkable reflection of the magia sessuale Devil in which he was born.
While deliberately setting out to overthrow all established values, he was perhaps only expressing the darker underside or "secret life" of the Victorian world in which he was raised:. Crowley was a contemporary of Freud; he grew out of the matrix of Victorianism He was one of many who helped to tear down the false, hypocritical, self-righteous attitudes of the time.
It is sex. The society that emerged in the nineteenth century magia sessuale Devil the bourgeois capitalist or industrial society On the contrary, it put into operation an entire machinery for producing true discourses concerning it. Not only did it speak of sex and compel everyone to do so; it also set out to formulate the uniform truth of sex. As if it suspected sex of harboring a fundamental secret. Thus he and his degenerate band of followers were described in the magia sessuale Devil scandalous terms as "a blasphemous sect whose proceedings lend themselves to immorality of the most revolting character," whose main goal is "to fill their money-bags by encouraging others to gratify their depraved tastes.
Crowley did little to deny this popular image. As he wrote magia sessuale Devil his Confessionsthe main reason for the violence and turmoil of the modern magia sessuale Devil lies in the repression of the sexual instinct; and conversely, the surest way to solve our contemporary problems lies in its liberation:.
The battle will rage most fiercely around the question of sex…. The shocking evils which we all deplore are principally due to the perversions produced by suppressions. The feeling that it is shameful and the sense of sin cause concealment, which is ignoble and internal conflict which creates distortion, neurosis, and ends in explosion.
The Book of the Law solves the sexual problem completely. Each individual has an absolute right to satisfy his sexual instinct as magia sessuale Devil physiologically proper for him. Thus we might say that Crowley really epitomizes what Foucault calls the "repressive hypothesis" -- that is, the belief that the modern Western world has painfully repressed and denied magia sessuale Devil, and that what is most magia sessuale Devil now is the fullest affirmation and liberation of the sexual instinct.
As Crowley himself put it in his Confessions, "My sexual life was very intense Love was a challenge to Christianity. It was a degradation and damnation. On the contrary, Western culture was in fact saturated with a kind of "hyper-development of discourse about magia sessuale Devil which was now classified and categorized in endless detail.
Magia sessuale Devil from the age of silence and suppression, sexuality became a major issue in Victorian social and political practice. Sex began to be managed Sexuality proliferated as power over it was extended. However, as Peter Gay points out, discussions of sexuality had to take place in the proper contexts, either privately, in the closed realms of secrecy or, publicly, magia sessuale Devil scientific discourse.
Viewing any deviation from "normal" sex as morally suspect, the Victorian imagination was obsessed with the identification, enumeration and scientific classifica-tion of every imaginable sexual aberration.
Under the protective cover of "medical nomenclature" and with the "posture of moral outrage," Victorian readers "could magia sessuale Devil in this 'medicoforensic' peep-show of sexual hyperaesthesia, paresthesia, aspermia, polyspermia, spermatorrhea, sadism, masochism, festishism, exhibitionism, psychic hermaphroditism, satyriasis and nymphomania.
Among the magia sessuale Devil sinister perversions, in the eyes of many Victorian authors, were those that confused the religious and sensual spheres. Only magia sessuale Devil married life offered the via media between celibacy and licentiousness, which "repairs the Fall and leads from earth to heaven. Normal sex was consistent with the values of Victorian industrial society--it was another mode of production.
As Lesley Hall observes, masturbation was "reprobated universally throughout Victorian society," and considered a possible source not just of moral decay but even of epilepsy and insanity. So too, homosexuality was foremost among those acts seen to violate the "borders of masculinity" defined by middle class society, and thus among the greatest threats to a productive, efficient and healthy magia sessuale Devil body.
However, as Michael Mason suggests, magia sessuale Devil first two decades of the 20th century also gave birth to a powerful reaction against the sexual values of the Victorian era.
Lawrence, there was a growing critique of the prudery of the Victorian age, and an increasing call for social and sexual liberation. It was precisely this awesome power that Crowley would seek to tap into through his magical practices. It is in this sense that Crowley, "the Great Beast," might be said to have had two backs, as it were, turned both backward and forward. For he was, on the one hand, deeply rooted in the late Victorian Christian world, reflecting the obsessive concern with sexuality and sexual deviance in the late nineteenth century.
Yet like others of the post-Victorian era, he would magia sessuale Devil heroically to break free of that world, setting out deliberately to destroy that useful, productive Victorian social order through the most extreme acts of consumption and excess.
The magia sessuale Devil act is a sacrament of WiIl. To profane it is the great offense. All true expression of it is lawful; all suppression or distortion of it is contrary to the Law of liberty. Sex, magic and secrecy had, of course, long been associated in the Western religious imagina-tion. The son of a wealthy Virginian father and a slave from Madagascar, Randolph was raised a poor, magia sessuale Devil free black in New York city. After running away from home at age sixteen, he traveled the world and later emerged magia sessuale Devil one of the leading figures in 19th century Spiritualism and America's foremost exponent of magical eroticism or Affectional Alchemy.
Not only can one achieve the spiritual aims of divine insight, but he can also attain the mundane goals of physical health, financial success or regaining the passions of a straying lover. Perhaps the most important vehicle for the transmission of Randolph's teachings on sexual magic was the highly esoteric movement known as the Ordo Templi Orientis O.
Following Randolph, the H. Indeed, they warn that Randolph himself was led to ruin by magia sessuale Devil sexual excesses. Once these sexual techniques were transmitted to new movements like the Ordo Templi Orientis, however, they would also undergo some profound transformations. Much of the O.